Turkey controls northern Cyprus because they invaded and partitioned the island in 1974 in response to a coup supported by Greece which aimed to annex the island to Greece.
For more information, read on
Turkey controls northern Cyprus because they invaded and partitioned the island in 1974 in response to a coup supported by Greece which aimed to annex the island to Greece. The partition of Cyprus is a highly controversial issue, with the international community recognizing the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the entire island, while only Turkey recognizes the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
According to The New York Times, the Turkish invasion of Cyprus was “one of the bloodiest chapters in the history of modern Greece and Turkey”, resulting in the displacement of thousands of people and the deaths of hundreds. The invasion was condemned by the United Nations Security Council as a violation of international law and Turkey was urged to withdraw its forces, which to this day have not done so.
Despite the division, both sides of Cyprus have thrived in their own ways. The Greek Cypriot south has become a popular tourist destination and is known for its beaches, historic sites, and nightlife. The Turkish Cypriot north, on the other hand, has largely been unrecognized by the international community but has been developing its own infrastructure and economy.
|Republic of Cyprus||Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus|
|Recognized by the international community||Recognized only by Turkey|
|Capital: Nicosia||Capital: North Nicosia|
|Official languages: Greek, Turkish, English||Official language: Turkish|
|Area: 9,251 km²||Area: 3,355 km²|
|Population: 1.2 million (2019)||Population: 326,000 (2019)|
Despite the ongoing division of the island, there have been efforts in recent years to reunite Cyprus. However, achieving a peaceful resolution to the conflict remains a complex and difficult task. As former U.S. Ambassador to Cyprus, John Koenig, once said, “the Cyprus problem is like a Rubik’s Cube. Every time you twist one side, it affects the other.”
Video related “Why does Turkey control Cyprus?”
Cyprus was previously part of the Ottoman Empire, governed by the British in 1878, and eventually annexed by the UK. Ethnic tensions between Greeks and Turks rose due to the concept of Enosis, which called for the union with Greece, leading to violence in the 1970s. Turkey intervened in response, leading to the formation of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 1983. Efforts to reunify have been unsuccessful, and Greece ultimately rejected a bid for unification in 2004. The EU recognizes Greek Cypriots as representing the entire island despite the formation of Northern Cyprus.
See more answers I found
The coup staged by the Athens’ junta against the elected government of President Makarios on , served Turkey as a pretext to impose its divisive plans against Cyprus. On , Turkey invaded Cyprus, violating all rules of international law, including the Charter of the United Nations.
A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island’s largest city and capital of both sides. A coup d’état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.Calling code: +90 392Official languages: Turkish
A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island’s largest city and capital of both sides. A coup d’état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
Furthermore, people are interested
Why does Turkey own half of Cyprus?
The reply will be: Turkey claimed that under the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, the coup was sufficient reason for military action to protect the Turkish Cypriot populace, and thus Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July. Turkish forces proceeded to take over the northern four-elevenths of the island (about 36% of Cyprus’s total area).
Why does Turkey not recognize Cyprus?
Turkey does not recognize the government of the Republic of Cyprus, stating that the Republic—as established by the Constitution of 1960—ceased to exist when the intercommunal violence that commenced in December 1963 ended Turkish Cypriot participation in the Cypriot government.
How much of Cyprus is owned by Turkey?
Answer to this: However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west and comprising about 59% of the island’s area, and the north, administered by the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 36% of the
Who owned Cyprus before Turkey?
Response: In 1878, Great Britain assumed the provisional administration of Cyprus. In 1914, when the Ottoman Empire entered the First World War, Cyprus was unilaterally annexed by Great Britain. Turkey formally recognized this annexation with the signing of the Peace Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
What happened to Cyprus after the Turkish invasion?
The Turkish invasion ended in the partition of Cyprus along the UN-monitored Green Line, which still divides Cyprus, and the formation of a de facto Autonomous Turkish Cypriot Administration in the north. In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) declared independence, although Turkey is the only country that recognises it.
Does Turkey recognize Northern Cyprus?
In reply to that: No nation other than Turkey has officially recognised Northern Cyprus as a sovereign state. The United Nations recognises it as territory of the Republic of Cyprus under Turkish occupation. Does Turkey recognize Cyprus?
Why is Cyprus divided?
In 1974 a Greek military coup, which aimed to unite the island with mainland Greece, led to a Turkish invasion and the division of the island between Turkish Northern Cyprus and the Greek Cypriot Republic of Cyprus. Cyprus remains divided to this day.
Is Turkish intervention on Cyprus legal?
Response will be: "TThe legality of the Turkish intervention on Cyprus has also been underlined by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in its resolution 573 (1974), adopted on 29 July 1974." ^ "IV".
Why did Turkish Cypriots become a part of Turkey?
Response to this: Turkish Cypriot identification with Turkey had grown stronger in response to overt Greek nationalism of Greek Cypriots, and after 1954 the Turkish government had become increasingly involved. In the late summer and early autumn of 1954, the Cyprus problem intensified.
Why are Turkish troops in Cyprus?
As an answer to this: Turkish troops have been in northern Cyprus since 1974. The international community deems this to be an "occupation" of a sovereign state, but Turkey insists the measure is both legal and necessary.
Is Turkey an occupying power in Cyprus?
As an answer to this: In December 1996, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) delivered a landmark ruling that declared that Turkey was an occupying power in Cyprus. The case – Loizidou v. Turkey – centred on Titina Loizidou, a refugee from Kyrenia, who was judged to have been unlawfully denied the control of her property by Turkey.
Is the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus independent of Turkey?
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognised by Turkey, which has taken responsibility for its security. Although the Turkish Cypriot government is independent of Turkey, Turkey keeps the Turkish Cypriot government propped up with aid. (TRT World and Agencies)