Cyprus is culturally Greek, however, it has a complex history and has been influenced by various civilizations over time.
Detailed answer question
Cyprus is culturally Greek, however, it has a complex history and has been influenced by various civilizations over time. According to the World Factbook of the CIA, the majority of the population is Greek Cypriot (78%), followed by Turkish Cypriots (18%) and other minorities (4%). Cyprus has been inhabited by different peoples, including Greeks, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and British. As a result, the island has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its architecture, cuisine, language, and traditions.
The Greek influence on Cyprus is evident in its language, which is one of the official languages, alongside Turkish and English, and in the Greek Orthodox Church, which is the dominant religion on the island. Cyprus was also a center of Hellenistic civilization during the reign of Alexander the Great. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Cyprus was the birthplace of the goddess Aphrodite, which led to the island being known as the “Island of Love.”
On the other hand, Cyprus was also part of the Roman Empire and was later ruled by the Byzantines, who introduced Christianity to the island. The Ottomans conquered Cyprus in the 16th century and ruled it for over three centuries, leaving their mark on the island’s architecture and cuisine. The British took control of Cyprus in 1878 and ruled the island until it gained independence in 1960. The British influence can be seen in the island’s road system, its educational and legal systems, and its love for cricket.
To sum up, Cyprus is a culturally Greek island that has been influenced by various civilizations over time. Its rich history and heritage have made it a unique and fascinating place to visit. As the author Lawrence Durrell wrote in his book Bitter Lemons of Cyprus, “Cyprus is a shining beacon of beauty, culture, and history in the eastern Mediterranean.”
|1050 BC||Arrival of Greeks|
|333 BC||Rule of Alexander the Great|
|58 BC – 330 AD||Cyprus under Roman control|
|395-650||Cyprus under Byzantine rule|
|1571 – 1878||Cyprus under Ottoman control|
|1878 – 1960||Cyprus under British rule|
|1960 – present||Independent Republic of Cyprus|
See a video about the subject.
The video explains why Cyprus is not part of Greece and details the historical reasons behind it. Cyprus has been invaded by various empires, including the Ottoman Empire, Venetians, and the British, with the latter ultimately taking control of the island. The British chose to keep control of Cyprus even though the Greek Cypriots hoped for unification with Greece. The divide between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots also widened under British rule, leading to ethnic tensions. Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960, but the formation of the Republic of Cyprus was not feasible for many Greek Cypriots who wanted to establish a union with Greece, leading to violence and a pro-union coup. Turkey intervened with a military invasion in 1974, leading to the occupation of nearly 40% of the Republic’s territory and a divided Cyprus that remains unsolved 4 decades later. Uniting Cyprus with Greece was opposed by the Turkish Cypriots and the British who wanted to maintain their military bases, and Greece could not take the island by force as it was not politically stable and a war with Turkey would not be advantageous.
Other responses to your question
Cyprus has never been a Greek Island. It is both useful and important to keep in mind that there has never been in Cyprus a "Cypriot nation" due to the distinct national, religious and cultural characteristics of each ethnic people who, in addition, speak different languages.
Cyprus is an independent country, not part of Greece. It is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea with a rich history and culture. Cyprus has a Greek-speaking majority and a Turkish-speaking minority, and has been divided since 1974 into a Greek Cypriot south and a Turkish Cypriot north.
So many people in the world don’t know that Cyprus is an independent country, it is not part of Greece. Some people confuse it with Crete, which is a Greek island.
Cyprus, Greek Kípros, Turkish Kıbrıs, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Cyprus. Ruins of the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylate near Limassol, Cyprus.
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|Demographics of Cyprus|
|Major ethnic||Greek 98.8%|
|Minor ethnic||Others 1% (including Turkish, Armenian, Maronite) and unspecified 0.2%|