EOKA (National Organization of Cypriot Fighters) followed an urban strategy in Cyprus during their fight for independence from Great Britain in the 1950s.
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EOKA (National Organization of Cypriot Fighters) followed an urban strategy in Cyprus during their fight for independence from Great Britain in the 1950s. This strategy involved targeting military and political targets within urban areas, as opposed to engaging in traditional guerrilla warfare tactics in rural areas. According to an article by Kyle Orton in the Jamestown Foundation, “By staging bombings and assassinations in cities and towns, EOKA hoped to ratchet up the sense of crisis and alarm in British government circles and to force the hands of international public opinion.”
Interesting facts on the topic of EOKA and their urban strategy in Cyprus include:
EOKA was founded in 1955 and was led by George Grivas, a former general in the Greek army.
The urban strategy was seen as a way to gain international attention and support for Cypriot independence.
The violence of the urban strategy also had a negative impact on the civilian population of Cyprus, as British authorities cracked down on the insurgency and innocent bystanders were sometimes caught in the crossfire.
Grivas was eventually expelled from Cyprus by the EOKA leadership due to his extremist views and tactics.
Founder and leader of EOKA
Political leader and supporter of EOKA’s fight for independence
Governor of Cyprus during the insurgency
Collins and Lapierre
Authors of “O Jerusalem!”, a book that drew parallels between EOKA’s urban strategy and the tactics used by Jewish insurgents in Jerusalem during the same period
In summarizing the impact of EOKA’s urban strategy, Kyle Orton writes, “In spite of its aims and the ferocity of its campaign, EOKA was not successful in attaining its objective, but the tactics it pioneered were taken up by revolutionary movements across the world in the ensuing decades.”
See a video about the subject.
The video outlines 13 must-do activities for visitors to Cyprus, including hiking the Akamas Gorge, visiting the Shipwreck of Edro III and sea caves at Coral Bay Beach, watching the sunset at Paphos Harbor, hiking the Troodos Mountains and seeing Caledonia Waterfalls, exploring the ancient ruins at an archaeological site in the south coast of Cyprus, visiting Larnaca’s beaches and attractions, and trying meze, a traditional Cypriot dish. The video also emphasizes the natural beauty of the island, with stunning greenery, crystal clear waters, and picturesque views. Visitors are advised to come prepared with comfortable shoes, sun cream, and water, and to be mindful of the busy mountain roads.
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How did British military intervention in Cyprus start?
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Response: In November 1956 due to the Suez Crisislarge numbers of British troops were transferred off Cyprus allowing Grivas to launch a new offensive. EOKA launched a wave of attacks in what would become for the British "Black November" with a total of 416 attacks, 39 killed, 21 of them British.
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How did British military intervention in Cyprus start?
British military intervention in Cyprus reached a crescendo in the major counter-insurgency campaign fought by the island’s Security Forces between 1955 and 1959. The terrorist group EOKA, led by Colonel George Grivas, immediately embarked on enosis (union with Greece) through an armed campaign.
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