Your question “Who were the natives of Cyprus?”

The natives of Cyprus were the Cypriots, who are an ethnic group with a long history on the island.

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The Cypriots are the indigenous people of Cyprus, which has been inhabited for over 10,000 years. The island’s location at the crossroads of the Eastern Mediterranean made it a desirable target for various civilizations throughout history, and the Cypriots have interacted with many different groups over time.

According to historian Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BCE, the Cypriots were “a mixed race, akin to the Lydians and the Syrians.” They were known for their skills in metalworking, pottery, and shipbuilding, and were a key player in Mediterranean trade.

Over the centuries, Cyprus was ruled by various powers, including the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, and Romans. In the 7th century CE, Arab armies conquered the island and introduced Islam, which still has a presence in Cyprus today. In the late Middle Ages, the island was conquered by the Crusaders, who established a Latin kingdom on the island.

One interesting fact about the Cypriots is that they speak a unique dialect of Greek that has many Turkish and Arabic loanwords. Another is that Cyprus is home to many archaeological sites, including the ancient city of Kition, which dates back to the 13th century BCE.

To provide a visual representation of the many groups that have come into contact with the Cypriots over time, a table has been included below:

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Period Dominant Group
8000-3900 BCE Prehistoric inhabitants
3900-2500 BCE Chalcolithic period civilizations
2500-1050 BCE Bronze Age civilizations, including the Mycenaeans, Hittites, and Assyrians
1050-750 BCE Phoenician settlers
750-330 BCE Persian Empire
330-58 BCE Hellenistic kingdoms
58 BCE-395 CE Roman Empire
395-1191 CE Byzantine Empire
1191-1489 CE Lusignan dynasty
1489-1571 CE Venetian Republic
1571-1878 CE Ottoman Empire
1878-1960 CE British Empire
1960-present Republic of Cyprus

In summary, the Cypriots are the indigenous people of Cyprus, who have a long and complex history on the island. As historian J.B. Bury puts it, “Cyprus has been through a great many vicissitudes, and its history is one of the most varied and interesting in the eastern Mediterranean.”

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The people of Cyprus are broadly divided into two main ethnic communities, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, who share many cultural traits but maintain distinct identities based on ethnicity, religion, language, and close ties with Greece and Turkey respectively.

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Who were the indigenous people of Cyprus?

There has been a Maronite community in Cyprus since at least the twelfth century. ‘Eastern Catholics’, followers of St Maron, a monk of the fourth and fifth centuries, Maronites established themselves first in Lesser Syria and Lebanon.

Who lived in Cyprus before Greeks?

The first undisputed settlement occurred in the 9th (or perhaps 10th) millennium BC from the Levant. The first settlers were agriculturalists of the so-called PPNB (pre-pottery Neolithic B) era, but did not yet produce pottery (aceramic Neolithic).

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Is Cyprus originally Turkish?

Answer to this: Turkish Cypriots are of diverse origins. They mainly descend from Turkified native Cypriots, Anatolian migrants following the Ottoman conquest, and several Turkoman tribes that were exiled to the island, especially during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

What is the DNA of Cypriots?

As an answer to this: Greek Cypriots are also differentiated by Turkish Cypriots in some aspects; namely Turkish Cypriots have 5.6% Eastern Eurasian (likely Central Asian/Turkic) and 2.1% North African patrilineal ancestry, while Greek Cypriots have 0.6% Eastern Eurasian and no North African patrilineal ancestry.

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