When was cyprus colonized by the british?

Cyprus was colonized by the British in 1878.

A more thorough response to your query

Cyprus was colonized by the British in 1878 after the Ottoman Empire granted the island to Britain. The British occupation of Cyprus was a crucial turning point for the island. It marked the end of centuries of Ottoman rule and the beginning of modernization for the country. During the British occupation, a modern infrastructure was developed on the island and the economy grew rapidly. The British also established an effective system of administration and justice, bringing benefits to the Cypriot population.

Here are some interesting facts about British rule in Cyprus:

  • Despite being a British colony, the people of Cyprus did not receive full British citizenship until 1948.
  • During World War II, the British used Cyprus as a key military base for their operations in the Middle East.
  • The British encouraged Greek-Cypriot nationalism during their rule, which led to tensions with the Turkish-Cypriot population.
  • In 1955, an armed campaign against British rule began, with a goal of achieving enosis (union with Greece). This campaign ultimately failed, but it set the stage for later conflicts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
  • In 1960, Britain granted independence to Cyprus, but under a complex power-sharing arrangement between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. This arrangement ultimately broke down, leading to a Turkish invasion of the island in 1974.

Winston Churchill once said of Cyprus: “Cyprus possesses a strategic value to Great Britain, which is out of proportion to its size and population.” Indeed, the British occupation of Cyprus was a crucial chapter in the island’s history, and one that has had lasting impacts to this day.

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Year Event
1878 British colonization of Cyprus
1948 People of Cyprus granted full British citizenship
1955 Start of armed campaign against British rule
1960 Cyprus granted independence
1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus

Cyprus became divided after tensions rose between the Greek and Turkish populations following the country’s independence from Britain, leading to a Greek-backed coup in 1974. Turkey intervened unilaterally to protect the Turkish minority, which embarrassed the military government in Greece and led to international condemnation when Turkey continued to push further across the island. The Turkish Cypriot administration was created, and many people were forced out of their homes and cleared from the north. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot government declared independence, which was only supported by Turkey, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Despite international condemnation, the island remains divided today.

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In 1878, Great Britain assumed the provisional administration of Cyprus. In 1914, when the Ottoman Empire entered the First World War, Cyprus was unilaterally annexed by Great Britain.

In 1878 the West returned when Britain took over Cyprus with the agreement of the Ottoman government. At first protectorate, the island was annexed by Britain on the outbreak of war with the Ottoman Empire in 1914, becoming a Crown Colony in 1925.

1914 – Cyprus annexed by Britain after more than 300 years of Ottoman rule. Britain had occupied the island in 1878, although it remained nominally under Ottoman sovereignty.

Fascinating Facts

Did you know that, Covering not even 100 square miles the two bases on Cyprus are vital to the British military capabilities in the Mediterranean, Middle East and beyond East of Suez. The British presence in the island of Cyprus goes back to the late nineteenth-century when the small island was leased to the UK by the former Ottoman Empire in the year of 1878.
Thematic fact: Cyprus was an important part of the British Empire because it was a strategic location for the British Navy. Cyprus was also a major source of copper for the British Empire. Prior to 1878, Cyprus was a part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1878, the Ottoman Empire granted Britain control over the island in exchange for military support against Russia.
It is interesting: Second, Cyprus was a source of important minerals, such as copper, which were used in a variety of industries back in Britain. Finally, the island was home to a large British military base, which was used to launch operations against the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century.

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People also ask, Why was Cyprus colonized by the British? As a response to this: In 1878, as a result of the Cyprus Convention, the United Kingdom received as a protectorate the island of Cyprus from the Ottoman Empire in exchange for United Kingdom’s military support to the Ottoman Empire should Russia attempt to take possession of territories of the Ottomans in Asia.

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Also question is, How long did Britain rule Cyprus?
Answer to this: British Cyprus was the island of Cyprus under the dominion of the British Empire, administrated sequentially from 1878 to 1914 as a British protectorate, from 1914 to 1925 as a unilaterally annexed military occupation, and from 1925 to 1960 as a Crown colony.

Also asked, Who colonized Cyprus first?
Throughout its long history and due to its strategically important location, Cyprus had been conquered by the major colonial powers of the Eastern Mediterranean. However, from the 12th century BC, when the first Greeks colonized the island and through the centuries, the island’s Greek character has always prevailed.

Also to know is, What was Cyprus before the British?
Response to this: Cyprus remained under Ottoman rule until the arrival of the British in 1878. Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960, but with one of the world’s most complicated constitutions as its foundation with the UK, Greece and Turkey as guarantor powers, the new republic soon encountered difficulties.

Moreover, When did Cyprus become a British colony?
Cyprus was part of the British Empire under military occupation from 1914 to 1925 and a Crown colony from 1925 to 1960. Cyprus’ status as a protectorate of the British Empire ended in 1914 when the Ottoman Empire declared war against the Triple Entente powers, which included Great Britain.

Hereof, When was Cyprus occupied? Cyprus, which was, like Gibraltar and Malta, a link in the chain of communication with India through the Mediterranean, was occupied in 1878. Elsewhere, British influence in the Far East expanded with the development of the Straits Settlements and the federated Malay states, and in…

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What happened to Cyprus during WW1? Response: Cyprus was then annexed by the British Empire on 5 November 1914. During the course of the First World War Britain offered to cede Cyprus to Greece if they would fulfill treaty obligations to attack Bulgaria, but Greece declined.

Furthermore, Was Cyprus a part of the Ottoman Empire?
Response to this: Cyprus was a territory of the Ottoman Empire, lastly as part of the Vilayet of the Archipelago, since it was conquered from the Republic of Venice in 1570–71. Greek Orthodox priests blessing the Union Jack as it is raised in Nicosia, 1878

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